FIR Full Form: Everything You Need to Know About FIR: Do you know what is the full form of FIR, what is FIR, what is the meaning of FIR, where do you use it, for answer must read this article. We are going to give you complete information about FIR.
The meaning of FIR is the same in all the countries of the world, so let us know what is FIR, complete information Some information related to FIR, all of you must have heard the name of FIR at some point or the other. Usually, in cases of mutual quarrels or theft, etc. FIR related to the Police Department is not a common word but is one of the biggest rights of your life. Let us know the full name of FIR and information about it.
FIR Full Form
The FIR Full Form is “First Information Report“. If we say in simple language, then this is the information given to the police regarding any criminal incident.
FIR is a written document prepared by the police. When there is a crime and a person gives information about that crime to the police, then the police prepares a document on his complaint on behalf of the person giving that information, and This document itself is called FIR.
Many copies of FIR are made and one copy is also given to the victim, as you know FIR. It is a very important document because it helps the police officer a lot in the process of criminal justice. Police can start an investigation only after the FIR is registered.
Process of filling an FIR
When we go to the police station after any untoward incident, and according to our information, the details of the incident we give to the police, the police first record that detail in writing. The information recorded in this written form is called FIR. On the basis of the information given in the FIR, the police take further action.
Any person who has been the victim of any untoward incident can appeal to the police to punish the criminals by registering an FIR of the incident, if the crime is confirmed in the investigation of the police, then he is arrested to punish the guilty. That is, after going through the law process, the offender is given a certain punishment, it is a justice process.
There are many people in the world who are surrounded by many crimes. That’s why a police department has been created for such people, in which FIR is written for crimes committed by people, FIR is a document. It is such a document, on the basis of which the police initiate proceedings to punish the offender.
After this, he punishes him according to his crime. For example, when an item is stolen, in such a situation an FIR must be written to claim the insurance, only after which further proceedings are initiated.
The process of registering an FIR is very simple. Telling the story to the police is as simple as that. The informer has to visit the police station (ideally near the crime scene) and present all the information he/she has regarding the commission of the crime. Section 154 of CrPC gives the informer the option to furnish the information or in writing.
If the information is disclosed orally, the report should be reduced to writing by the police officer himself or under his direction. The report should be read to the informant. Every report, whether short in writing or submitted in writing, shall be signed by the informant.
First Information Report can be filed by any person. He is not necessarily a victim or injured or an eyewitness. A first information report may be a mere hearing and need not be given by a person having prior knowledge of the facts.
An FIR can be registered at the police station of the area under whose jurisdiction the crime has taken place. In order to obtain information about the alleged criminal activity, one must first be able to take suitable steps to book a guilty person. Its secondary though the equally important objective is to obtain preliminary information of an alleged criminal activity and to record the circumstances before the trial, lest such circumstances have been forgotten or embellished.
Any incident which is written to the police for action is called FIR. We all also know this information by the name of First Information Report, it is a very popular word. When the policemen get information about a crime, a written document is prepared by them, it is an important informational document on the basis of which the police proceed with the legal proceedings, whenever a person wants to write a report about the serious crime..
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The person making the FIR also has the right to read the report of the FIR to him and a copy of it should also be given to him, the policy says this. After the FIR, the police have every right to arrest the accused and investigate it, the copy of the FIR must be signed by the complainant.
FIR is a document on the basis of which the police initiate proceedings to punish the guilty. In case of theft of any item, FIR is necessary to claim insurance. Apart from this, there is a danger of misuse of your things, due to which you get caught in some such crime which you have not committed. In such a situation, FIR protects you from any kind of loss.
Introduction of FIR
FIR is a written document which is prepared on receipt of information of Cognizable Offense by Police in India, it is mandatory to write FIR for investigation of Police, it is the first step of the person in which FIR is written by Police. In which the person orally writes in the FIR by speaking in which the police station officer and the person registering the FIR have the signature.
This is a document providing basic information which has been considered a serious crime. It is to be noted that FIR is not conclusive proof that a person has committed an offense. FIR is the starting point of investigation in a particular crime. All information relating to the commission of a serious crime, if given orally to the officer-in-charge of a police station, will be reduced to writing by him or under his direction, and will be read by informers and every such information. A copy of this written information is given free of charge to the informant.
In which offense FIR is registered?
FIR is such a strong document that if a cognizable offense has been registered, then the police can arrest the offender on the basis of FIR only and is free to investigate without any delay. Cognizable offenses include crimes like murder, in these crimes the arrest of the criminal is necessary, so the police can take action on the basis of FIR.
Whereas in non-cognizable offenses, the permission of the court is mandatory. In addition to cognizable offenses, FIR can also be lodged for stolen goods, such as an item, an FIR can also be lodged in case of loss of important documents, and in many cases, FIR can be filed for recovery of documents. compulsorily asked.
When you file an FIR for a lost or stolen item, it becomes a written proof that your document or mobile / SIM card has been lost from this date, time, and place and if there is any misuse in the future. So no fault of the complainant should be considered in this. Apart from this, if there is any recovery of these lost documents or similar, then the complainant should be informed immediately for identification.
How is FIR registered?
Here let us tell you for your information that if any kind of crime is committed by you, then any other person can file an FIR against you in the police without getting any kind information from you, and On the other hand, if you have to register an FIR against someone, and you do not want to go and register the FIR yourself, then your eyewitness or any relative of the incident can also register your FIR because in case of emergency the police can call or email FIR can also be registered on the basis of But for this you have to give full details of the accused and the date and time of the incident to the police because these documents are required in registering the FIR. After the FIR is registered, a copy is also provided to the complainant for free. The crime number written in the FIR is used as a reference in the future. It is very important to have the seal of the police station and the signature of the police officer on the copy of the FIR.
In which cases FIR is registered?
In which cases FIR is registered? Let us know, first of all, it is important to know, in which type of case the case is registered. There are two types of crime. Non-cognizable and cognizable offenses. Non-cognizable Crime- non-cognizable offenses are minor crimes, such as cases of minor assaults, etc. are non-cognizable crimes.
In such a case, FIR cannot be registered directly, rather the complaint is referred to the Magistrate and the Magistrate can issue summons to the accused in this case. Then the case begins. That is, in such a case whether there is jurisdiction or not, the case cannot be registered under any circumstances. Cognizable Crime- The second case is of cognizable crime, which is of a serious type of crime. In such cases, there are shootings, murder, and rape, etc., in which FIR is registered directly. Under Section-154 of CrPC, the police are required to directly register an FIR in a cognizable case.
How to Register an FIR?
There is no need to even go by yourself to register an FIR. An eyewitness of the incident or any relative can also file an FIR. In case of emergency, the police can also register an FIR on the basis of a phone call or email. The date and time of the incident and the accused also have to be mentioned in the FIR. After the FIR is registered, the complainant has the right to get a copy of it free of cost. The crime number written in the FIR is used as a reference in the future. The copy of the FIR should bear the seal of the police station and the signature of the police officer.
What are the rules for registering it?
The primary person who has information about whoever committed the crime.
The FIR should be noted by the police when the verbal information about the crime has been given to the police by the Registered.
Victim or FIR Registered has every right to read the FIR lodged by him and ask for a copy of him.
After the information is registered, the signature of the person who filed the FIR is done on the FIR.
You also have some rights while registering an FIR, as the police or any other person cannot put any kind of pressure on you, friends, you should know by reading the FIR registered by you before you sign it. It is the responsibility of the police to recite or allow you to read, and it is your right, after listening or reading the FIR properly if you feel that all the information given by you is correct and clearly this FIR has been registered by the police. If yes, then you can sign otherwise you can also ask for appropriate changes.
FIR stands for FIR First Information Report, it is a written document prepared by the police. When they get information about a cognizable offense. It is usually a complaint filed by the aggrieved person or on behalf of someone else. When an FIR is registered by the police. So a signed copy is also given to the victim or the same person who lodged the FIR. The police cannot refuse to register an FIR as it is against the law.
An FIR is a very important document as it helps in the process of criminal justice. Police can start an investigation only after the FIR is registered. Once an FIR is registered, the contents of the FIR cannot be changed except by a decision of the High Court or the Supreme Court of India.
The information in the FIR register is kept in every police station. An FIR page contains the following information.
- FIR number
- Name and details of the offender (if known)
- description of crime
- place and time of the crime
- Name of the victim or the name of the complainant
- Witness, if any.
What is the process for registering an FIR?
An FIR can be filed by anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offense.
The police should write it down when the commission of a cognizable offense is informed orally.
The victim or the person filing the complaint has the right to demand that the information recorded by the police be read to him/her.
After registering the FIR, you should take a copy of the FIR. If the police do not provide it to you, then you have the right to ask for a copy of the FIR free of cost.
Once the information is entered, it must be signed by the person giving the information, if the person cannot write, he/she can put a left thumb impression on the document.
First Information Report means the information recorded by a police officer on duty on the commission of the alleged offense by the alleged victim or any other person, on the basis of the First Information Report, the police initiate its investigation. Section 154 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, defines what amounts to the first information.
Who can register FIR?
First Information Report (FIR) can be filed by any person. Not necessarily being a victim or an injured person or an eyewitness, a First Information Report can be a mere hearing and not necessarily a person who has prior knowledge of the facts.
Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offense can register an FIR. It is not necessary that only the victim of a crime should register an FIR, a police officer who knows about a cognizable offense can file an FIR himself/herself.
You can file an FIR if:
- You are the person against whom the crime has been committed.
- You make yourself aware of a crime that has been committed.
- You have seen crime happening.
- Where to file FIR?
An FIR can be registered at the police station of the area under whose jurisdiction the crime has taken place. The first is to get information about the alleged criminal activity so that suitable steps can be taken for tracing and bringing the guilty person to the book.
Its secondary though the equally important objective is to obtain preliminary information of an alleged criminal activity and to record the circumstances before the trial, lest such circumstances have been forgotten or embellished.
Why should FIR be registered immediately?
It is the golden principle of law laid down in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 that the first information report should always be filed promptly and without wasting any time, such report derives maximum credibility and is always welcomed and appreciated by the courts. She goes.
According to the Supreme Court, an FIR registered ahead of time is useful for grooming or dismantling the evidence. This eliminates the possible possibility of giving rise to doubts.
Is there a time period prescribed for registering an FIR?
We have already emphasized the fact that as far as possible and practicable, every FIR should be registered promptly, expeditiously, and without wasting any time, there may be circumstances where time is required in registering the FIR.
Some concession should be given, but in compelling circumstances, there should be several reasons for the justified delay in registering the FIR. Judges with a lot of knowledge and experience can exercise discretion judiciously and in the interest of justice in each case.
However, no tentative period of time can be fixed for applying the test of reasoning for registering an FIR as we have already explained. It depends on the facts and circumstances of each case. If the delay in registering the FIR is not fatal in law if the prosecution has confirmed the factual difficulties faced by the persons filing the report.
Following are the reports or statements which do not amount to FIR:-
The report was filed after several days of development.
The report was not filed immediately but after the examination of witnesses.
Report or statement recorded after the commencement of the investigation (Sections 162 and 163 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973).
Not no information about the occurrence of a cognizable offense but the only secret messages in the form of appeal for immediate help.
Make a complaint to the magistrate.
Give information to Beat House.
Information to the magistrate or police officer over the phone.
Information was received at the police station before registering the FLR.
1. What is FIR?
Ans: FIR means First Information Report giving information to the police about a cognizable offense, in fact, it refers to the information relating to the commission of a cognizable offense, to the in-charge of a police station, which (whichever is) by law. puts in. Tote informer should reduce writing and reading) and shall be signed by the person giving such notice. It is mandatory to give a copy of the First Information Report (recorded by the police) to the complainant or informer free of charge.
Answer: The informant/complainant should go to the jurisdictional police station in the area (where the offense is committed) and report the commission of the cognizable offense to the officer-in-charge/station house officer. If the matter is reported over the telephone, the informant/complainant should subsequently go to the police station for registration of FIR.
3. What is a cognizable case or what is a cognizable offense?
Answer: A cognizable case means a case in which a police officer may be in accordance with the first schedule of CrPC. (1983), or arrest without warrant, under any other law.
4. What is meant by the term ‘taking cognizance’?
Answer: The term ‘taking cognizance’ has not been defined in the Code of Criminal Procedure. When any Magistrate takes cognizance under section 190(1)(a) Cr.P.C., he must not only apply his mind to the contents of the petition, but he has done so for the purpose of proceeding in a particular manner. The procedure was laid down in the CrPC, and after sending the complaint about further investigation. A magistrate can also order an inquiry under section 156(3) of Cr.P.C.
5. What is a non-cognizable offense?
Answer: Non-cognizable offense means which a police officer has no right to arrest without a warrant.
6. How can I file an NC complaint?
Answer: Information about such offenses should be given in the manner prescribed under the FIR. The officer-in-charge shall reduce the complaint in writing (about the commission of a non-cognizable offense) and give a copy of the same to the complainant free of cost. No police officer may inquire into a non-cognizable case unless he obtains the prior permission of the Magistrate to try such a case.
7. What is meant by ‘complaint’?
Answer: Complaint means any allegation made orally or in writing to a Magistrate, with a view to taking action under his Code of Criminal Procedure (1973), that any person (whether known or unknown) has committed an offense has done.
8. What is meant by a public place?
Answer: Public space includes (and means) the precincts of every public building or monument, and all places accessible to the public for the purpose of drawing water, washing or bathing, or for entertainment.
9. Why is FIR necessary?
An FIR is a very important document, as it sets in motion the process of criminal justice, the police investigate the matter only after the FIR is registered in the police station.
Note: This post is only for informational purposes. Maybe Some data is changed by time or wrong. In this case, We are not responsible. So For better Knowledge of the FIR. Please Visit the Government Official Websites.