The Prime Minister is the head of the council of ministers chosen by the majority party or coalition after the election in the lower house of the parliament aka Lok Sabha.
Appointment of PM
Although the head of state in India is the President who appoints the PM. The Indian Constitution’s Article 75 envisages that there will be a Prime Minister who shall be appointed by the President of India. whereas Article 78 specifies the duties of the Prime Minister of India.
India has seen several Prime Ministers since the independence, a brief introduction about them is listed below –
Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964)
He was India’s first PM and his tenure was from August 15, 1947 – May 27, 1964, and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India. He has a significant in the Indian independence movement and famously known as ‘Chacha Nehru’.
Gulzari Lal Nanda (1898-1997)
He was acting PM took office after the death of the Pt. Nehru and his tenure were from May 27, 1964 – June 9, 1964.
Lal Bahadur Shastri (1904-1966)
He was the second Prime Minister of India and his tenure was from June 09, 1964 – January 11, 1966. Famously known for the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ which was acted as a sole motivation during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war. He also served as the Railways minister under Jawaharlal Nehru.
Gulzari Lal Nanda (1898-1997) (Acting)
Gulzarilal Nanda was the acting prime minister who took charge after the death of Shastri Ji in 1966 his tenure was from January 11, 1966 – January 24, 1966 (13 days).
Indira Gandhi (1917-1984)
She was the third Prime Minister of India, aka Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi and her tenure was from January 24, 1966 – March 24, 1977, and again from January 14, 1980 – October 31, 1984. She is also the first and so far the only woman Prime Minister of India. After Pt. Nehru she served the second-longest term as a Prime Minister. She imposed the 1975 state emergency to suspend elections.
Morarji Desai (1896-1995)
He was the fourth Prime Minister of India aka Morarji Ranchhodji Desai and his tenure was from March 24, 1977 – July 28, 1979. He also served as the chief minister of the Bombay state, from 1952 to 1956. His government ruled under the Janata Party.
Charan Singh (1902-1987)
Chaudhary Charan Singh was the fifth Prime Minister of India. His tenure was from July 28, 1979 – January 14 , 1980. He was born in Uttar Pradesh, Charan Singh was the champion of peasants rights, his work for the peasants right is hailed by everyone.
Rajiv Gandhi (1944-1991)
He was the sixth prime minister of India and the son of former PM Indira Gandhi and Feroze Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi served from October 31, 1984 – December 01, 1989. He took charge after the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984. Before that Rajiv Gandhi served as a pilot for Indian Airlines, was also the President of the Congress party.
Vishwanath Pratap Singh (1931-2008)
He was the seventh Prime Minister of India. His tenure was from December 02, 1989 – November 10, 1990. He was a Congressman, and the 12th chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. He also served as the minister of finance and the minister of defence under PM Rajiv Gandhi.
Chandra Shekhar (1927-2007)
He was the eighth Indian Prime Minister, his tenure was from November 10, 1990 – June 21, 1991. The 1991 economic crisis and the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi took place during his tenure.
P.V. Narasimha Rao (1921-2004)
Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao served as the 10th prime minister, and also the first PM from southern India. His tenure was from June 21, 1991 – May 16, 1996. He also served as the Defense Minister and the Minister of External Affairs and he was the home minister under Rajiv Gandhi.
H.D. Deve Gowda (1933)
Haradanahalli Deve Gowda was the 11th Indian PM, his tenure was from June 01, 1996 – April 21, 1997. He was also the Karnataka Chief Minister from 1994 to 1996. He was chosen as the Prime Minister when no party had won enough seats to form the government.
I. K. Gujral (1933 -2012)
He was the 12th Prime Minister of India, his tenure was from April 21, 1997 – March 18, 1998. He was a participant of the Quit India Movement too. Famously known for his role as the minister of external affairs, for the Gujral Doctrine (a set of five principles to guide the foreign policy of India with its immediate neighbors, especially Pakistan).
Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1926-2018)
Atal Bihar Vajpayee has served three terms as the Prime Minister of India. At first, he was elected as the 10th Prime Minister of India and served only for 13 days. His tenure was from May 16, 1996 – June 01, 1996. Later he served from March 19, 1998 – October 13, 1999, and again from October 13, 1999 – May 22, 2004. His famously known is slogan “Jai Jawan, Jai Kisaan, Jai Vigyan”. Atal birthday is marked in India as Good Governance Day.
Dr. Manmohan Singh (1932)
Dr. Manmohan Singh was the 13th prime minister of India. He has served two complete terms from May 22, 2004 – May 26, 2014. Singh is currently serving his sixth Rajya Sabha tenure also. Famously known for the 1991 LPG (Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation ) reforms in India for his work as the finance minister. He was also the 15th governor of the Reserve Bank of India.
Narendra Modi (1950)
Narendra Modi is the 14th Prime Minister of India and serving his second tenure, PM Modi was first elected in 2014 to the 16th Lok Sabha. He has served as chief minister of Gujarat also. He is the MP of Varanasi.