For your convenience, this article has been divided into the following parts. You will be able to understand the software according to the topic.
Table of Contents
- What is Software?
- Software Types.
- How to make software?
- Software required for a normal computer?
- Some common questions and answers related to software.
What is Software? (Software Definition)
In a programmer’s World, the definition of Software is a set of instructions and programs that instruct a computer (or a Machine) to perform a specific task. It gives the user the ability or power to work on the computer. Computers without this are just empty boxes of hardware.
Physical Existence of Software ?
You can’t see these programs with your own eyes. Nor can it be touched by your hand. Because it has no physical existence in the physical world. It is a virtual thing that can only be understood.
If your computer does not have such types of programs, then your computer will be like an empty box. Which will remain only an empty box made of iron and other metals.
Imagine the Computer without Software
Imagine, if your computer doesn’t have a browser program like chrome, Mozilla, or edge, then you could not read this article. From this point, you can get an idea of the importance of these programs.
These programs breathe life into your computer. enables him to work. And only with the help of these programs, you can get your desired work done from the Computer.
What is Hardware?
We use computers for various purposes. And all these types of work can be completed with the help of only computer programs.
The physical parts of the computer (or Machine) that we can see and touch are called it “Hardware”. For example Keyboard, Mouse, Monitor, Printer, and Motherboard etc. All computer is hardware. Actually hardware is a collective term, which is used to describe computer parts.
Type of the Software
Apart from these things, there are different types of software or programs like Microsoft Office, Adobe Photoshop, Adobe Reader, Picasa, etc., which enable you to do different tasks on the computer.
Therefore, different types of software are made according to the need of the work. To facilitate the study or work, two main classes of these programs have been created.
- System Software
- Application Software
1. System Software
System software is the programs that manages and controls hardware and allows interaction between hardware and software. There are many types of System Programs.
1.1 Operating System (OS)
Operating System (Commonly Known as OS) is a computer program that operates other computer programs. The operating system (Commonly Known as OS) acts as an intermediary between the user (you) and the computer (machine). It explains our instructions to the computer.
Some popular names or brands of operating systems that you must have heard about them.
- Windows OS
- Mac OS
1.2 Utility Programs
Utilities are also known as service programs. It performs the task of managing and protecting computer resources and services. But, they do not have direct contact with the hardware. For example, Disk Defragmenter, Anti Virus program, etc. are utility programs.
1.3 Device Drivers
A driver is a special type of program that connects input and output devices to a computer (Machines) so that it can communicate with the computer. Like Audio Drivers, Graphics Drivers, Motherboard Drivers, etc.
2. Application Software
Application Programs (Apps) can be called end-user software or program because it is directly related to the user. It is also called ‘Apps’. Application programs give the freedom to the user to do a particular task. There are many types of them.
2.1 Basic Application
Basic applications are also called general-purpose software. This is general use programs. We use them for everyday tasks.
Any computer user must have access to a Basic Application to work on the computer. The names of some General Purpose these applications are being given below.
- Word Processing Programs
- Multimedia Programs
- DTP Programs
- Spreadsheet Programs
- Presentation Programs
- Graphics Application
- Web Design Application
2.2 Specialized Application
Specialized Application is also called Special Purpose Software. This Apps is made for a specific purpose. They are also used to perform a particular task. Below are the names of programs designed for some specific purposes.
- Accounting Apps
- Billing Apps
- Report Card Generator
- Reservation System
- Payroll Management System
How to Developed the software?
Making computer Applications is a bit difficult task. Because to do this work, you must have good knowledge of Programming Languages and a lot of patience. Only fallow this, you can become a Professional Software Developer.
More than 100s of programming languages have been developed to create software. By which you can develop applications for different needs.
Name of some Applicatios used in a normal desktop or PC
All the users use the computer for different purposes. Their Applications also changes based on this usage.
But, there is some Applications that is installed on almost every computer. No one can work without them.
Antivirus Software – Computer Security
Music or Video Player – VLC, Windows Music Player
Email Communication – Gmail, Outlook, WebMails
Internet Browsing Web Browser – Chrome, Firefox, Edge
Graphic Software – Paint, Photoshop
Documents Word Editor – Word, Notepad, WordPad
Spreadsheet Programs – MS Excel, Spreadsheets
Presentation Program (PPT Software) – MS Power Point Presentation, Slides
Some common questions About Computer Softwares
Question – Where do I get computer Applications?
Answer – You can buy various software online and offline for your computer. Applications Service Providers provide them. Also, You can go to the Microsoft Store.
To download Applications from the Internet, you have to visit the website of the application vendor. Then on that website, you get the download link for downloading the software. You can download the software through this link.
If you want to buy an Application from any market, then the Application is made available to you in the medium of CD / DVD etc. Then the Applications is installed by playing this CD/DVD.
But Now the Softwares are available online, you can pay and use it by downloading or online.
Question – Can I download free software?
Answer – Yes, Free Softwares downloads are also available, you can use them. But some Applications are paid for so you have to purchase it.
Question – I have heard that free software is dangerous, is it true?
Answer – Some Software Crack Versions are also available on the internet but Don’t use them. it will harm your computer and also the privacy threads.
You do not get all things like Security, Pro Features, and Backups in free Application. And can also hand you over to hackers.
Therefore, you download free Applications only from trusted and secure places (Application stores like Windows App Store). Do not make the mistake of downloading free Applications from any internet website even by mistake.
Question – What is a software license?
Answer – The written document of Application usage, terms of service, and user agreement are called software licenses. The terms of the agreement between the user and the Application manufacturer are written in this license. Only within these conditions can a user use a particular Application.
There are several types of software licenses:
Free License – Under the free license, the entire Application is made available to the users for free use. No fee is charged for this license in any way.
Such Application licenses are available for the personal use of the users. Some also have exemptions for commercial use. Users are not able to access its code.
Proprietary License – This is paid license type. Meaning, you have to pay some fees for this. This fee can also be one time and can also be recurring ie subscription-based. Under this license, the complete Applications with full features is available to the users. However, source code access is not allowed.
Open Source – This license is public and provides free access to all. Along with the Applications, access to the source code is also allowed. That is, you can also change such programs according to your needs.
Question – How to use any software?
- Go to Start Menu.
- Find the Application to Use.
- Now open this Application
- Use the software after it is opened
- To use any software properly, it should be trained. If training is not available, take help from the manual and help center that comes with the Application.
Question – How do you maintain the Applications?
Answer – This question is very useful. and is related to computer security. So, read it carefully and try to understand.
Maintenance of Applicatios can include source code, its functionality, new updates, protection from hackers, error fixing etc.
To avoid these, you can take the following measures:
- Get software only from trusted sources.
- Update as new updates come.
- Install an antivirus program on the computer.
- In case of any error notify the help center.
- Use the Applications only according to the guidelines provided with the Applications.